With the vigorous development of the construction market, fastener-type steel pipe scaffolding and formwork support have been widely used, and a large number of fasteners are used in the fastener-type steel pipe scaffolding and formwork support system. The commonly used fastener structure generally includes a fastener body 1, a blade 2, and a rivet 3 for connecting the fastener body and the blade. An arc-shaped cavity 4 for penetrating the steel pipe is provided between the fastener body and the blade. Figure 1 Right-angle fasteners shown. However, in the process of building construction, the blades of the fasteners have different degrees of cracks and fractures, which lead to the scrapping of the fasteners, or the fasteners are scrapped due to the poor anchoring of the rivets of the fasteners, resulting in a lot of waste, and the fasteners are damaged. There is a large safety construction hazard. However, repairing damaged fasteners entirely by hand has many disadvantages, such as technical difficulty, time-consuming and labor-intensive, and high operating costs. Therefore, researching and designing an auxiliary device for installing rivets in the process of repairing damaged fasteners to reduce labor intensity of workers, improve repair efficiency, and reduce operating costs is a technical problem to be solved urgently by those skilled in the art.
Ordinary nuts are suitable for use in fixed-load equipment. Ordinary nuts are used to fix on stationary workpieces and cooperate with flat and spring washers to ensure the reliability of the nut. However, on moving workpieces with vibration loads, the equipment may The vibration caused the nut to loosen. As a kind of nut, the slotted nut is used to connect the two mechanical equipment tightly. It is mainly used in the occasions with vibration load or alternating load. It is used in conjunction with the split pin to ensure the nut lock. The reliability of tightening is often used as a lock nut to prevent the main nut from loosening back.
Existing wood screws are composed of a threaded portion with a tapered angle and arranged along a tapered stem and a screw head. The head of the screw can be a countersunk head, hemispherical, or other shapes, and the head of the screw has a groove that fits with the tool, a word groove, and a concave cross groove. The taper angle of existing wood screws is either 45 degrees or 60 degrees, and the front end of the taper angle is a pointed point formed by a rotating thread. The existing wood screws have the following three deficiencies in use. Because the taper angle is 45 degrees or 60 degrees, and the thread angle is 71 degrees, the resistance when entering the material is relatively large, so the existing wood screws are manually screwed. It is difficult to screw in, especially when it is used for hardwood materials, and it often happens that the groove of the screw head is screwed out; A large lateral moment will be formed when the screw is screwed, which is prone to the problem of deviation from the position; in addition, because the existing screw is tapered, it will be subjected to both radial force and axial force when entering the material, and its stress state It is more complicated, so it is easy to cause the cracked wood material to burst, and even cause the material to have longitudinal cracks and be unusable.
The standard specifies hexagon head bolts with thread specifications of M3~M64, grades A and B. Grade A is used for bolts with D<=24 and L<=10D or L<=150mm (whichever is smaller); grade B is used for bolts D > 24 or L > 10 D or L > 150 (according to the smaller value) bolt size specification mark: thread specification D = M12, nominal length L = 80mm, performance level is 8.8, the table is the same as oxidation, A level Hexagon head bolt tag example bolt GB / T5782-86-M12 × 80 national standard common hex bolt head on the side size and cooperation national standard wrench thread diameter \ pair of edge sidewalls Skin wrench Wrench Double-ended open-end wrench Double-ended Torx wrench. The outer hexagon bolt is the most frequently used type of bolts. The main function of the external thread it has is to cooperate with the nut. Using this threaded connection method, the two parts are integrated. Grade C hexagon bolts are mainly used in steel structure machinery and equipment with relatively rough surface and low precision requirements. Grade A and Grade B hexagon bolts are mainly used in machinery and equipment with smooth surface and high precision requirements. Most of the stainless steel outer hexagon screws are full-tooth and hexagonal head full-tooth bolts. Standard: DIN933, GB5783, ISO4017, ANSIB18. 2.1, JISB1180; non-full thread bolt standards DIN931, GB5782, ISO4014, ANSIB18.2.1, JISB1180.
The semicircular key is a kind of key, the upper surface is a plane, the lower surface is a semicircular arc surface, the two sides are parallel, commonly known as the crescent key. It is basically the same as the flat key connection method, but it is more convenient to manufacture and disassemble than the flat key, and is especially suitable for the connection between the tapered shaft and the hub. The half-round key transmits torque on the side, but the keyway is deep, which weakens the shaft greatly. Due to the deep keyway, the bottom of the keyway is easily deformed after the shaft is heat treated. Therefore, when the semicircular key and the keyway are assembled in a transitional fit relationship, the interference between the lower part of the semicircular key and the bottom of the keyway often occurs, resulting in difficult or impossible assembly. Assembly situation. In order to solve the above technical problems, the current method is to make the thickness of the semicircular key appropriately thin, so that the semicircular key and the keyway are clearance fit, which brings about a large gap between the upper part of the semicircular key and the keyway, and the semicircular key is in operation. Difficult to locate in the keyway, affecting smooth transmission.
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