The locking effect of the spring washer is general, and the important parts are used as little or not as possible, and the self-locking structure is adopted. For spring washers used for high-speed tightening (pneumatic or electric), it is best to use surface phosphating washers to improve their anti-wear performance, otherwise it is easy to burn out or open mouth due to friction and heat, and even damage the surface of the connected parts. For thin plate joints, spring washer construction should not be used. According to statistics, spring washers are used less and less in automobiles.
At present, the commonly used locking structure is a split pin (hereinafter referred to as a cotter pin type adjustment nut) or knocking the sheet on the adjustment nut into the steering knuckle groove (hereinafter referred to as a sheet type adjustment nut), these two structures are mainly used in single row Bearings are barely used in bearing units and hub bearing units. The former has a complicated structure and the cotter pin is easy to fall off; the latter requires workers to control the press-in force. Too much pressure can easily lead to the cracking of the sheet structure on the adjusting nut, and too little pressure can easily make the adjusting nut failure, and is impacted in the axial direction.
In another embodiment of Guangdong Yueluo Hardware Industry Co., Ltd., the discharge port of the vibrating plate 2 is matched with the screw receiving hole 35, and the screws can enter the screw receiving hole 35 through the discharge port after sorting and sorting in the vibrating plate 2. . Preferably, a guide rail 6 is provided between the discharge port of the vibrating plate 2 and the screw accommodating hole 35 , and the screws enter the screw accommodating hole 43 from the discharge port through the guide rail 6 . The slotting is carried out, which improves the efficiency and saves the labor cost.
The classification of the second combination screw is divided according to the material of the screw wire and the hardness index of the screw wire. Generally, the two combination screws are divided into stainless steel and iron, and stainless steel is divided into stainless steel 201, stainless steel 304 and stainless steel 316. Iron is divided into three types: low carbon steel, medium carbon steel, and high carbon steel. Carbon steel combination screws refer to iron combination screws. Generally, iron combination screws are classified into grades 4.8, 8.8, 10.9, and 12.9. But in the market, the combination screws of grade 10.9 and grade 12.9 are rarely used, so we won't talk about it here. And the two combination screws on the market are more commonly used combination screws of grade 4.8 and 8.8. 4.8 grade combination screws are generally made of 1010A screw wire rods. After the screw wire rods are beaten into screws, they are combined with spring flat washers. After production, this 4.8 grade combination screw does not need to be hardened. Its hardness can reach 4.8. The 8.8 grade combination screw is generally made of 10B21 screw wire. After the screw wire is punched into a screw, it is equipped with a spring washer and a flat washer, and the three pieces can be combined and rubbed by an automatic spring-flat washer machine. Fasten the spring-flat washer combination on the screw, and the spring-flat washer will not fall off. After the combination screw is produced, it needs to be hardened to make the hardness reach 8.8. After the hardness reaches 8.8, we need to take it for electroplating. In order to prevent hydrogen embrittlement of the spring washer in the 8.8-level combination screw with added hardness, it is easy to break. In this way, it is necessary to carry out hydrogen removal treatment on the hardened combined screws, and the electroplating can only be done after the hydrogen removal.
The product structure in the known technology includes a T-shaped bolt with a longitudinal section, and a polygonal nut matched with the bolt. The bolt is divided into two parts: the screw and the screw head. The screw head is placed at one end of the screw to form an integral part. The radial length of the tightening surface of the screw head is greater than the radial length of the screw, and its axial length is less than the axial length of the screw; The solid surface is a polygon, and now a hexagon is commonly used. The periphery of the base of the nut and the screw head has a number of elastic surfaces corresponding to the polygon; the periphery of the axial screw is provided with an external thread matching the internal thread of the nut. In actual use, the fastener of this structure can be tightened by using a conventional screw, such as a wrench. Therefore, its anti-theft performance is poor and it is not suitable for occasions with special requirements.
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