The working principle of the nut is to use the friction between the nut and the bolt for self-locking. However, the reliability of this self-locking is reduced under dynamic loads. In some important occasions, we will take some anti-loosening measures to ensure the reliability of the nut locking. Among them, the use of lock nuts is one of the anti-loosening measures. There are also two types of locking nuts. One is to use two identical nuts to screw on the same bolt, and a tightening torque is added between the two nuts to make the bolt connection reliable. The other is a special lock nut, which needs to be used together with a lock washer. As shown in FIG. 1, a plastic gasket 2 is arranged in the center of the nut 1 to play a locking effect, but the process is complicated and the production is inconvenient. One is to drill through threaded holes from the outer surface of the nut to the inner thread surface (usually 2, distributed at 90 on the outer surface), which are used to screw in small-diameter countersunk head screws. The purpose is to apply a thread to the thread. A centripetal force prevents the lock nut from loosening. At present, the lock nut with better quality on the market is inlaid with small copper pieces that are consistent with the thread of the lock nut on the inner surface of the nut, which is used to prevent the radial jacking screw from directly contacting the locked thread and being damaged. By. This kind of lock nut is gradually applied in the shaft end locking of rotating motion parts, such as the anti-looseness of the bearing at the mounting end of the ball screw. The process is equally complex.
Double-end stud (English name: double-end stud) refers to a cylindrical fastener with threads at both ends. Widely used in electric power, chemical industry, oil refining, valves, railways, bridges, steel structures, automobile and motorcycle accessories, machinery, boiler steel structures, pendant towers, large-span steel structures and large buildings.
At present, there are mainly the following methods for classifying screws of different lengths mixed together: First, visual identification and manual sorting. This method is time-consuming, labor-intensive and inefficient. Second, the screws are centrifuged and screened according to the quality and size of the screws. However, the quality of screws of the same length is not necessarily the same when the materials of the screws are different. Third, sorting is carried out using a screening device with sieve holes, but the sieve holes are generally simple geometric shapes, which can only roughly distinguish the length of the screws. Moreover, the specific position where the screw falls into the screen hole will also affect the degree of screening. It can be seen that the above-mentioned methods for classifying screws all have the problem of poor effect.
1. First remove the sludge on the surface of the broken head of the broken screw, use the center gun to kill the center gun of the section, and then use an electric drill to install a drill bit with a diameter of 6-8 mm to drill the hole in the center of the section, pay attention to the hole must be drilled through. After the hole is drilled through, remove the small drill bit and replace it with a drill bit with a diameter of 16 mm, and continue to expand and drill through the hole of the broken bolt. 2. Take a welding rod with a diameter of less than 3.2 mm and use a medium and small current to carry out surfacing welding from the inside to the outside in the hole of the broken bolt. Take half of the entire length of the broken bolt at the beginning of the surfacing welding. When starting the surfacing welding, the arc should not be too long. In order to avoid burning through the outer wall of the broken bolt, surfacing to the upper end face of the broken bolt, and then continue surfacing to weld a cylinder with a diameter of 14-16 mm and a height of 8-10 mm. 3. After the surfacing is completed, hammer the end face with a hammer to make the broken bolt vibrate along its axial direction. Due to the heat generated by the previous arc and the subsequent cooling plus the vibration at this time, the broken bolt and the thread of the body will be loose in between. 4. Carefully observe, when it is found that a small amount of rust leaks from the fracture after the knock, take the M18 nut and put it on the surfacing column head and weld the two together. 5. After welding, use a torx wrench to cover the nut while it is still hot, and twist it back and forth, or tap the end face of the nut with a small hand hammer while twisting back and forth, so that the broken bolt can be taken out. 6. After taking out the broken bolt, use a suitable tap to process the thread in the frame to remove rust and other debris in the hole.
The combination screw is actually a kind of screw, but it is special. It is generally a three-component or a two-component, but at least it can be called a combination screw. The main difference from ordinary screws is that they are equipped with one more spring washer or one more flat washer than ordinary screws. This is the main difference between the appearance of combination screws and ordinary screws. In addition to the obvious difference in appearance between combination screws and ordinary screws, the main difference is the difference in mechanical properties and uses. The combination screw is a three-component or two-component with a flat washer. Of course, it is equipped with a flat washer by an ordinary screw. When the spring flat pad is attached, the spring flat pad will not fall off. Fastened to form an assembly. In terms of mechanical performance, the combination screw is composed of three accessories, and in terms of performance, three fasteners must be used together. The mechanical properties of the combined screw are stronger when used. More convenient, the biggest advantage of the combined screw is that the production line can be operated conveniently and quickly, and the work efficiency can be improved. The difference between the use of combination screws and ordinary screws is mainly in the breadth of use. The use of ordinary screws is more extensive than that of combination screws. Basically, ordinary screws are used in industrial products, and combination screws! It is only useful for specific product materials. When the screw needs to be used with a spring washer and a flat washer, the combination screw can be used at this time.
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