The conventional auger bit structure 1 includes a rod body 11, a screw head 12 provided on one end of the rod body 11, a drill tail 13 provided on the other end of the rod body 11, and a plurality of threads 14 arranged around the rod body 11; Wherein, the periphery of the drill tail 13 defines a parting line 15, and the parting line 15 makes the drill tail 13 symmetrically divided into a side 131 and a side 132, and a cutting end 133 is formed at the junction of the end of the side 131 and the end of the side 132, respectively. The cutting end 133 is concavely provided with a quarter-turn chip flute 134 in the same direction of the helix, and the edge 132 continues the chip flute 134 and has a quarter-turn chip flute 135 with different helical curvatures. , by connecting the chip groove 134 and the chip groove 135 through different helical curvatures, the drill tail 13 can form a symmetrical and complete chip groove of 186 degrees.
The drawing process has two purposes, one is to modify the size of the raw materials; the other is to obtain basic mechanical properties of the fasteners through deformation and strengthening. For medium carbon steel, medium carbon alloy steel also has another purpose, that is, to make the wire rod. The flaky cementite obtained after controlled cooling is cracked as much as possible during the drawing process to prepare for the subsequent spheroidization (softening) annealing to obtain granular cementite. However, some manufacturers arbitrarily reduce the drawing in order to reduce costs. The excessive reduction rate increases the work hardening tendency of the wire rod, which directly affects the cold heading performance of the wire rod. If the distribution of the reduction ratio of each pass is not appropriate, it will also cause torsional cracks in the wire rod during the drawing process. In addition, if the lubrication is not good during the drawing process, it can also cause regular transverse cracks in the cold drawn wire rod. The tangential direction of the wire rod and the wire drawing die is not concentric at the same time when the wire rod is rolled out of the die, which will cause the wear of the unilateral hole pattern of the wire drawing die to aggravate, make the inner hole out of round, and cause uneven drawing deformation in the circumferential direction of the wire. The roundness of the steel wire is out of tolerance, and the cross-sectional stress of the steel wire is not uniform during the cold heading process, which affects the cold heading pass rate. During the drawing process of the wire rod, the excessive surface reduction ratio will deteriorate the surface quality of the steel wire, while the too low surface reduction ratio is not conducive to the crushing of the flaky cementite, and it is difficult to obtain as much granular cementite as possible. , that is, the spheroidization rate of cementite is low, which is extremely unfavorable to the cold heading performance of the steel wire. For the bar and wire rod produced by the drawing method, the partial surface reduction rate is directly controlled within the range of 10%-15%.
The purpose of Guangdong Yueluo Hardware Industry Co., Ltd. is to overcome the deficiencies in the existing technology and provide a square nut fastener for cable tray installation, which has a simple and reasonable structure, and is extremely convenient and flexible to operate; it does not occupy C-shaped steel after installation. The space at the bottom increases the diversity of installation, and can be applied to square nuts of different thicknesses, and the installation is firm
According to the force of the connection, it is divided into ordinary and hinged holes. According to the shape of the head: there are hexagonal head, round head, square head, countersunk head and so on. Among them, the hexagonal head is the most commonly used. Generally, countersunk heads are used where connections are required. The English name of the riding bolt is U-bolt. It is a non-standard part. The shape is U-shaped, so it is also called a U-bolt. There are threads on both ends that can be combined with nuts. It is mainly used to fix tubular objects such as water pipes or sheets such as automobile plates. Springs are called riding bolts because of the way they fix things like a person rides a horse. According to the length of the thread, it is divided into two categories: full thread and non-full thread. According to the thread type, it is divided into two types: coarse thread and fine thread. The coarse thread type is not displayed in the bolt mark. The bolts are divided into eight grades: 3.6, 4.8, 5.6, 6.8, 8.8, 9.8, 10.9, and 12.9 according to their performance grades. Among them, the bolts above grade 8.8 (including grade 8.8) are made of low-carbon alloy steel or medium-carbon steel and are heat-treated (quenched). + Tempering), commonly known as high-strength bolts, and below grade 8.8 (excluding 8.8) are commonly known as ordinary bolts. Ordinary bolts can be divided into three grades: A, B, and C according to the production accuracy. Grades A and B are refined bolts, and grade C is rough bolts. For connecting bolts for steel structures, unless otherwise specified, they are generally ordinary rough grade C bolts. There are differences in the processing methods of different grades. Usually the corresponding processing methods are as follows: ① The bolts of grade A and B bolts are processed by lathes, with smooth surfaces and accurate dimensions. High, rarely used; ②C-grade bolts are made of unmachined round steel, the size is not accurate enough, and its material property grade is 4.6 or 4.8. The deformation is large during shear connection, but the installation is convenient and the production cost is low. It is mostly used for tensile connection or temporary fixation during installation.
rivet is a metal rod-shaped part with a cap at one end. During riveting, the rivet uses its own deformation or interference to connect the riveted parts. Commonly used rivets are semi-circular head, flat head, semi-hollow rivets, solid rivets, countersunk head rivets, blind rivets, hollow rivets, etc. At present, rivets are widely used in various backplane products and other stamping products. Since rivets are responsible for the functions of locking, positioning and bearing lateral force in the product, the degree of riveting and vertical have higher requirements. However, in actual production, there are often problems such as the failure of the rivet torsion to meet the requirements, the rivet being skewed by the rivet, the surface of the rivet being cut, the rivet placement being inaccurate and requiring manual repositioning, etc. Very high and very inefficient.
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