At present, in the production workshop, there is no special tool for removing rivets such as skew, wrong rivets, and multiple rivets. When removing these rivets, workers use homemade rivet removal tools, use a sledgehammer to remove the rivet head, and then use a sharp tool to remove the rivet rod. eject. During the removal operation, sometimes the rivet head will fly out, the speed is high, the danger is extremely high, and the labor intensity is high, which has caused many industrial accidents.
The screw is usually installed in the threaded hole of the part, and its main function is to fix the relative position between the two parts. It is widely used in various industries. A traditional screw generally includes a screw rod and a head located at one end of the screw rod. During installation, the screw rod is connected with a threaded hole, and the head is located outside the screw hole and abuts on the edge of the screw hole.
Now people often use spring washers to lock nuts and bolts, spring washers, generally stainless steel and carbon steel non-closed spiral washers, under the nut, above the flat washer, increase the friction between the nut and the bolt, used to prevent The loosening of the nut plays a role in preventing vibration and loosening, but it is often due to a radial external tension, which is caused by the tightening axial force generated by the tightening torque, and the phenomenon of open ring expansion occurs, and the hydrogen embrittlement of the spring washer often occurs. The pressure is unevenly applied to the flat washer through the spring washer, and the friction coefficient between the spring washer and the nut and the flat washer is small, resulting in vibration, rotation and relaxation.
Fasteners such as bolts and rivets are called the rice of industry, and they are used in infrastructure construction, equipment machinery, automobile manufacturing, electronic information, aerospace and other industries. According to the mechanical properties of fasteners, fasteners are divided into high-strength fasteners and ordinary fasteners. At the end of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century, with the rapid development of the economy, the demand for anti-seismic and anti-loose fasteners surged. Although the fasteners are small, their quality and reliability play an important role in the performance and structural safety of the main engine. Incredible.
People often think that magnets attract stainless steel to verify its pros and cons and its authenticity. If it does not attract non-magnetism, it is considered to be good, and it is genuine; if it is magnetic, it is considered to be counterfeit. In fact, this is an extremely one-sided, unrealistic and wrong identification method. There are many kinds of stainless steel screws, which can be divided into several categories according to the organizational structure at room temperature: 1. Austenite type: such as 304, 321, 316, 310, etc.; 2. Martensite or ferrite type: such as 430, 420, 410, etc.; Austenite type is non-magnetic or weakly magnetic, and martensite or ferrite is magnetic. Most of the stainless steel usually used for decorative tube sheets is austenitic 304 material, which is generally non-magnetic or weakly magnetic, but may also appear magnetic due to fluctuations in chemical composition or different processing conditions caused by smelting, but this cannot be considered as a Counterfeit or substandard, what is the reason for this? As mentioned above, austenite is non-magnetic or weakly magnetic, while martensite or ferrite is magnetic. Due to component segregation or improper heat treatment during smelting, a small amount of martensite or ferrite in austenitic 304 stainless steel will be caused. body tissue. In this way, 304 stainless steel will have weak magnetism. In addition, after cold working of 304 stainless steel, the structure will also be transformed into martensite. The greater the cold working deformation, the more martensite transformation, and the greater the magnetic properties of the steel. Like a batch of steel strips, Φ76 tubes are produced without obvious magnetic induction, and Φ9.5 tubes are produced. The magnetic induction is more obvious due to the large deformation of the bending and bending. The deformation of the square rectangular tube is larger than that of the round tube, especially the corner part, the deformation is more intense and the magnetic force is more obvious. In order to completely eliminate the magnetic properties of 304 steel caused by the above reasons, the stable austenite structure can be restored by high-temperature solution treatment, thereby eliminating the magnetic properties. In particular, the magnetic properties of 304 stainless steel caused by the above reasons are completely different from those of other materials such as 430 and carbon steel, which means that the magnetic properties of 304 steel always show weak magnetic properties. This tells us that if the stainless steel strip is weakly magnetic or completely non-magnetic, it should be judged as 304 or 316 material; if it is the same as carbon steel, it shows strong magnetism, because it is judged as not 304 material.
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