The purpose of Guangdong Yueluo Hardware Industry Co., Ltd. is to provide a bayonet which is a T-shaped cylindrical pin with a misaligned through hole at the head, and a bayonet spring which is a ring-shaped spring steel wire whose ends are staggered. The retaining ring is clamped by the bayonet pin to fix the stop sleeve and the pin shaft together. A hydraulic excavator pin stopper with high disassembly and assembly efficiency and no need for a wrench. The technical solution of Guangdong Yueluo Hardware Industry Co., Ltd. is such that it includes a latch, a stop sleeve, a pin, a bayonet, and a circlip. The staggered end is clamped into the misaligned through hole of the plug, and screwed on the bottom of the stopper sleeve to fix the stopper sleeve and the pin shaft together. The latch is composed of a bayonet pin and a circlip, the circlip is screwed around the through hole of the bayonet pin to the root of the bayonet pin, and the stopper sleeve is tightly wrapped around the pin shaft, and the circlip is tightly against the bayonet pin. The head of the bayonet pin has two T-shaped cylindrical pins with staggered through holes, and the circlip is an annular spring steel wire whose ends are staggered. By adopting the pin shaft stopping method of the above technical scheme, it is extremely convenient and quick to disassemble and assemble the pin shaft. The bolt of Guangdong Yueluo Hardware Industry Co., Ltd. is only composed of a T-shaped cylindrical pin with two staggered through holes in the head and a ring-shaped spring steel wire with staggered ends. The structure is simple, convenient to manufacture, low cost and obvious. It is an excavator pin stop method with high disassembly and assembly efficiency, no need for a wrench and low manufacturing cost.
It can be seen that the above processing method can only be used to process a relatively simple retaining ring (that is, only a ring body, which cannot be cut or punched), and the outer surface of the processed retaining ring still cannot be guaranteed to be completely flat.
In the manufacture of fasteners, the correct selection of fastener materials is an important part, because the performance of fasteners is closely related to its materials. If the material is improperly or incorrectly selected, the performance may not meet the requirements, the service life may be shortened, or even accidents or processing difficulties may occur, and the manufacturing cost will be high. Therefore, the selection of fastener materials is a very important link. Cold heading steel is a steel for fasteners with high interchangeability produced by cold heading forming process. Because it is formed by metal plastic processing at room temperature, each part has a large amount of deformation and a high deformation speed. Therefore, the performance requirements of cold heading steel raw materials are very strict. On the basis of long-term production practice and user research, combined with GB/T6478-2001 Technical Conditions for Cold Heading and Cold Extrusion Steel GB/T699-1999 High-Quality Carbon Structural Steel and target JISG3507-1991 Cold Heading Characteristics of Carbon Steel Wire Rod for Steel, taking the material requirements of grade 8.8 and grade 9.8 bolts and screws as an example, the determination of various chemical elements. If the C content is too high, the cold formability will be reduced; if it is too low, the mechanical properties of the parts cannot be met, so it is set at 0.25% - 0.55%. Mn can improve the permeability of steel, but adding too much will strengthen the matrix structure and affect the cold forming performance; when the part is quenched and tempered, it has the tendency to promote the growth of austenite grains, so it should be appropriately improved on the basis of international standards. 0.45 % - 0.80 %. Si can strengthen the ferrite and reduce the cold formability. SP is an impurity element, and their existence will cause segregation along the grain boundary, resulting in the embrittlement of the grain boundary and damage to the mechanical properties of the steel. It should be reduced as much as possible. B. The maximum value of boron content is 0.005%, because although boron element can significantly improve the permeability of steel, it will also increase the brittleness of steel. Excessive boron content is very unfavorable for workpieces such as bolts, screws and studs that require good comprehensive mechanical properties.
In addition, the angle aluminum connection structure itself has structural defects of poor torsional and shear resistance, and many projects use larger insulating glass to meet the requirements of architects, resulting in a larger self-weight. In the event of a natural disaster such as an earthquake that will cause the curtain wall to shake violently, the bolts on the angle aluminum are prone to breakage, and the seismic performance is not good. Especially for the beam with the open structure, since the angle aluminum is installed in the opening cavity of the beam, the inertia moment of the beam is small, and the torsion resistance and shear resistance performance of the force are worse.
Guangdong Yueluo Hardware Industry Co., Ltd. has a simple structure, low processing difficulty, and convenient riveting. The whole pin has the same diameter except for the annular groove. The drawn wire can be directly used, which saves the cost of materials and machining costs, and improves the production speed and efficiency. The structure does not require high machining accuracy of the hole, which can effectively reduce the machining cost and the rework rate of the parts.
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